Are you ready to start learning a little about the history of coffee? This particular beverage has been the favorite everyday morning partner of more than half the world’s population. But have you ever wondered how this famous beverage became a cup of joy and how it became a product? Are you also familiar about the fact that about 400 million cups of coffee from all over the world are consumed everyday? In terms of dollar value, coffee has been considered a commodity next to petroleum.
The History Of Coffee:- Two Types
There are two main types of coffee. The first one is the Arabica which originated from the Arabian Peninsula, while the second one is the Robusta which contains twice the caffeine content. Today, there are at least 12 varieties of coffee beans. The beans can be red or green; the red ones are famous for having lower acid content and higher aroma. This type of coffee is used in making some of the world’s finest coffees.
The History Of Coffee:- So What Happens Next?
The coffee berry, also called “cherry” doesn’t have any value but the bean inside it. It is the bean which is aged and roasted, then grounded to be qualified for brewing. Laborers do the picking every day as they bring a long few baskets to separate the red beans from the green ones. It is very important to note that the time of picking plays a vital role. It must be done when the coffee berry transforms from green to red.
The history of coffee doesn’t end by just picking them. Once the berries are picked, they undergo a fermentation stage in which they are first scoured, soaked, and rubbed with the use of a specialize machine to take away the flesh of the fruit. After which, they are sun dried on a rock surface or large concrete until a level of 12 percent water content is obtained.
Next on the agenda is to sort the beans based on color and size. Later on, they are polished to make sure the skin is removed before they are sent to be roasted. This doesn’t happen to all the beans though, some are kept to age further for anything from three to eight further years.
For roasting a temperature of about 400 degrees Fahrenheit is required. During this process the beans usually double in size. After a while, they crack and turn into a brownish color when the oil is secreted out. The distinct flavor of the coffee is due to this oil. After the process of roasting, coffee beans are packed in a semi permeable bag. Now, they are ready for shipping.
The difference in flavors may be due to the different techniques that are used during the roasting stage. There are various in-house techniques that can be done. It is not surprising to know that the coffee in Java or Kenya does have a different flavor or taste from that of other countries. When it comes to the grinding level, there can be various styles and results.
For instance, the Turks make use of a mortar and pestle in pounding the beans to create a powder form. On the other hand, some places make use of a burr grinder to crush the beans and produce regular sized granules, while others chop the coffee beans with the use of a chopper.
The History Of Coffee:- And Now For The Final Cup
Now your coffee is ready to be prepared. A coffee can be prepared using hot water. When the water is poured and the coffee grounds eventually settle, your cup of coffee is ready. On the other hand, coffee can be prepared with the use of espresso coffee makers. These machines offer a very high pressure while the grounds are poured with hot water.
So there you go. Now, you already know how a coffee berry turns into your favorite cup of coffee. All things considered, the history of coffee is pretty interesting indeed.